Energy-from-waste differs from traditional renewable energy as it is a baseload power substitute for natural gas, diesel and coal. The energy-from-waste process creates an energy product called syngas, which can be used in today’s gas engines and turbines to deliver power.
As there is no international market either for landfill waste or syngas, the price of the energy is more stable than the internationally traded fossil fuels, thereby offering greater predictability for the users of power on pricing.
An industry new to Australia, energy-from-waste facilities have been used in Europe and North America for more than 30 years. In their first incarnation they were more like incinerators, but today they are efficient and clean producers of power from waste that would normally have been landfilled.
Energy-from-waste is a term applied to a range of technologies; however, in essence the waste is heated so that it changes from a solid state of matter to a gaseous state of matter. To ensure the potential energy is not lost or consumed in the process, the supply of oxygen is limited to avoid a flame.